Gum depigmentation is a procedure used in cosmetic dentistry to lighten or remove black spots or patches on the gums caused by melanin. Although it is not a medical problem, many people complain of dark gums as unesthetic.
Melanocytes are cells which reside in the basal layer of gingival epithelium. The melanin pigment produced by these cells causes discoloration or dark spots in gums. Gingival depigmentation is a procedure, whereby the hyperpigmentation is removed or reduced by various techniques. Selection of the technique is case based. However one of the first and still popular technique to be employed is the surgical removal of undesirable pigmentation using scalpels. The procedure involves surgical removal of gingival epithelium along with a layer of the underlying connective tissue and allowing the denuded connective tissue to heal by secondary intention. The new epithelium that forms is devoid of melanin pigmentation.
At Cosmodent India, we have been successful in enhancing the smile of many individuals by catering to every patient’s distinguished esthetic concern.